How to Design a Small Garden

Designing a small garden can be a challenge, as there are many factors to consider. However, with the right design and maintenance, a small garden can be just as beautiful and enjoyable as a larger one. It is important to consider the space, soil type, climate, and shade when designing a small garden. Additionally, creating a layout, adding accessories, and maintaining the garden are all important steps. By following these steps and considering the factors mentioned, you can design a small garden that is beautiful and unique.

Benefits of Small Garden Design

There are many benefits to designing a small garden. First, it can help to boost the aesthetic appeal of your outdoor space. Small gardens often feature a variety of colors and textures, and can be designed to fit in any space. Additionally, small gardens can be designed to attract wildlife, such as birds and butterflies. Finally, small gardens can provide an additional relaxation space in your home, creating a peaceful and tranquil atmosphere.

Factors to Consider when Designing a Small Garden

When designing a small garden, there are several factors to consider. Firstly, the size of the space and the shape of the garden is important. If the space is long and narrow, for example, it may be better to create a winding path or to use vertical elements such as trellises. Secondly, you should consider the amount of shade in the area, as this will determine which plants will thrive in the environment. Thirdly, the type of soil can also be a factor, as some plants may require different types of soil. Lastly, the climate of the area should be taken into account, as this will determine the types of plants that will thrive.

Designing a Layout

Once the factors mentioned above have been taken into consideration, you can begin designing the layout of your small garden. The first step is to create a sketch of the area, noting the size and shape. This will help you to visualize the design. Next, choose the plants that will best thrive in your environment, selecting ones that will add color, texture, and shape to the space. Additionally, make sure to create a focal point in the garden, such as a sculpture or water feature. Finally, create levels in the garden by using plants, walls, and other elements. This will add depth and interest to the small space.

Maintaining a Small Garden

Once the garden has been designed, it is important to make sure it is maintained properly. Watering, weeding, pruning, and fertilizing are all important maintenance tasks. Additionally, mulching, deadheading, pest control, and composting are all important for keeping the garden healthy. All of these tasks should be done regularly to ensure the garden remains beautiful and vibrant.

Adding Accessories

In addition to plants, you can add accessories to the garden to make it more enjoyable. Lighting can be used to highlight specific plants or features. Furniture such as chairs and tables can be used to create a relaxing atmosphere. Statuary can be used to add a decorative touch to the garden. Finally, water features can be added to create a tranquil space.

Creating Garden Paths

Garden paths can be used to divide the small garden into sections, or to create a visual interest in the space. When choosing the materials for the path, consider the climate, soil type, and design of the garden. Additionally, you may want to create curves in the path to make it more interesting. Finally, edging the path with stones or other materials can help to define the space.

Garden Maintenance Tips

In addition to regular maintenance tasks, there are some tips to help keep the garden looking its best. Mulching can help to keep the soil moist and reduce weeds. Deadheading spent flowers will help to encourage new blooms. Pest control should be done regularly to keep pests from damaging the plants. Finally, composting can help to add nutrients to the soil and reduce waste.

Maximizing Space

One way to make the most of a small space is by using vertical gardening techniques. This involves using trellises, walls, and other structures to grow plants. Additionally, container gardening can be used to create a variety of colors and textures. Hanging baskets can also be used to add color and texture to the garden. All of these techniques can help to maximize the small space.

Common Small Garden Plants

When choosing plants for a small garden, there are many options. Herbs are a great choice, as they can be used for cooking and add a pleasant aroma to the garden. Succulents are also a good choice, as they are low maintenance and can add texture to the garden. Groundcover plants can be used to fill in spaces and add color. Finally, climbers such as vines and ivy can be used to add height and interest to the garden.

Final Tips

When designing a small garden, it is important to manage expectations and be realistic about the amount of space available. If needed, seek professional help for the design and maintenance of the garden. Additionally, make sure to make the most of the resources available, such as the space and plants, to create a unique and beautiful garden.


Livestrong. (2020). How to Design a Small Garden. Retrieved from

Love The Garden. (2020). Garden Design Tips for Small Gardens. Retrieved from

Back To Top